After nearly two years of careful investigation, Zhejiang Jinhua police and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange recently jointly cracked a huge underground money bank case involving a total of 22 billion yuan, what is underground money bank? How does a huge amount of money make a profit in an underground bank? The case begins with a strange transfer.
The case was first discovered in foreign exchange transactions by yiwu merchants. Jinhua City Public Security Bureau Economic investigation detachment in the work found that Guangdong Chaoshan area a large number of RMB to Yiwu, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange Jinhua City Central Branch also found that Yiwu merchants a large number of foreign exchange frequent remittance to Guangdong Chaoshan area. Yiwu, chaoshan areas are export-oriented economy, suddenly,10 billion yuan of huge funds between the two places frequent exchanges, such abnormal foreign exchange and yuan flow with the actual trade situation is seriously inconsistent, what are the two places doing \"big business \"? In order to find out the facts of the case in an all-round way, the Jinhua Public Security Bureau set up a special task force named \"1:22\" to carry out investigation in Yiwu and Chaoshan areas respectively.
In order to investigate these companies, the police came to guangdong chaoshan area, and found that the profits of ten million yuan, illegal purchase of more than 100 million yuan of enterprises, all are bag companies, including even the village mouth 20 square meters of small shops, and such enterprises in chaoshan area as many as 100.
Zhejiang province jinhua wuyi county public security bureau civilian police tao yining: a only a dozen square meters of a small workshop, in the tax department reported exports, a month is tens of millions, this is seriously inconsistent.
In general, such a production and operation of the scale of enterprises, should set up a formal plant in the industrial park, production staff of at least 100 people, but these companies do not actually have a factory, or even no production workshop, no production machine, a few plastic toy samples. In addition, the public security investigation found that the head of a local trade association, under the name of seven or eight companies, but operating a year to close down, and then set up a batch of new companies, the names are similar to the original. For example, previously called \"Haoxin Plastic Toys Co., Ltd.\", registered in 2017, written off in 2019, and then renamed\" Hongxin Plastic Toys Co., Ltd.\". And the previous one called \"Shitong Ltd.\", changed into a\" new vision limited company.\"
Li Hao, deputy director of the Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: From Guangdong to Yiwu, there are more than 10 billion yuan of capital flow in a year, but the companies we have in our possession, after we go to the field, we find that these companies are basically some bag companies, or the company is actually a farmer's home, or some residents's home, there are no enterprises, it is impossible to produce more than 10 billion yuan of economic trade, so we are sure that these funds are used illegally.
The three necessary conditions for tax refund declaration are the foreign exchange settlement water bill, customs declaration form and special ticket invoice. After the criminal gang uses the foreign exchange purchased to settle foreign exchange, then buys the customs declaration form and the value-added tax invoice and so on, imitates the enterprise normal export false appearance, then goes to the tax department to obtain the corresponding tax refund subsidy.
Li hao, deputy director of the public security bureau of wuyi county, jinhua city, zhejiang province: the suspect of this company, in fact, is a company operation, there are special financial, special management personnel, special settlement personnel, special customs declaration personnel.
Reporters came to wuyi county property management center involved in the case, got the suspect's mobile phone, wechat records are full of a large number of \"foreign exchange\" group,\" tax \"group, there are hundreds of records.
Tu Yining, a public security bureau in Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: When we were investigating, the gangs were talking to themselves, and one of them said,' I'm doing an Audi A4 a day, and my next goal is to do a BMW 5 series a day.
In this case, the illegal purchase and sale of foreign exchange and the fraud of export tax rebate formed an inseparable criminal chain, due to the explosion of demand for foreign exchange by criminal gangs in Chaoshan area of Guangdong Province, resulting in a sharp expansion of the foreign exchange supply scale of underground Qianzhuang in Yiwu, and the previous \"foreign exchange\" has also changed from a single fight to a scale \"money bank \". And the \"money house\" owners from the sale of foreign exchange, to provide customs tax rebate one-stop service.
In this case, Yiwu and Chaoshan two places illegally buy and sell foreign exchange mainly through the underground money bank, what does the so-called underground money bank do? How do they engage in criminal activities?
First of all, it is necessary to understand that, in accordance with the existing laws and regulations, the internal prohibition of foreign currency circulation, foreign exchange trading and other transactions should be handled through domestic financial institutions that have obtained corresponding business qualifications in accordance with the law. Some yiwu merchants in order to tax evasion, or out of greed for exchange rate difference, hope that the funds to account faster and other aspects of consideration, foreign exchange sold to underground banks.
Li Hao, Deputy Director of Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: First of all, this way is relatively fast, will be directly completed settlement of foreign exchange, the day can get the payment. Second, with market exchange rates fluctuating, scalpers tend to give him a finalised exchange rate. Third, merchants can pass this exchange rate, is to operate privately, can escape the inspection of our tax authorities.
After the underground money bank received the foreign exchange, it formed a huge foreign exchange supply market, and some enterprises in the Chaoshan area of Guangdong, need foreign exchange vouchers to engage in illegal and criminal activities such as defrauding export tax rebates, so it formed a foreign exchange demand market. Underground money banks have access to both ends of the supply and demand information, through dealmaking, illegal profit-making.
Case clues gradually became clear, the Ministry of Public Security and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange in Zhejiang Jinhua Public Security Bureau set up a joint command of the scene, direct command of Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shandong, Fujian and other places of public security organs to carry out a unified arrest operation. Because of the large number of people involved in the case, widely distributed, Jinhua police sent more than 200 police forces, soldiers divided into four ways to arrest, another group of personnel sent to Cambodia, one of the suspects in the case to arrest the case.
Because the early work is solid and effective, when carrying out the arrest operation, some suspects are trading in the coffee shop, some are clearing the stolen money in the office, some have just completed the transaction and returned home, each group of operations are stolen and obtained, the evidence is conclusive. However, the police worried that one of the main culprits of the case wei xime also absconded, international arrest is imminent.
Li Hao, deputy director of the Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: when we organized the arrest, we found that Wei xime fled to Cambodia again. According to the information we have, wei xime also wants to open a new channel to a cambodian underground money bank in cambodia, we use the ministry of public security and cambodia's international assistance relations, using \"fire action\" to capture wei xime from cambodia to return.
In the detention center, the suspect wei xime and the reporter told his own crime, he did not worry about food and clothing, because of greed on the road to crime.
Suspect wei xime: my father is a business, I was also a business, that is, later found that the honest money is too slow, think of a few companies, buy foreign exchange, get some invoices, export tax refund money to cheat, so make money fast.
It is understood that the network destroyed underground money banks, falsely issued special invoices for value-added tax, fraudulently obtained seven tax refund groups for exports, arrested 42 suspects, frozen more than 600 accounts of various types of funds involved in the case, and frozen more than 100 million yuan of funds involved in the case.
From the point of view of this case, underground money banks are not only engaged in illegal foreign exchange trading activities, but also provide conditions for upstream crimes involving corruption, smuggling, drug trafficking, tax evasion, embezzlement of state-owned assets and other crimes, which seriously endanger economic order and social security.
Buying and selling foreign exchange on the one hand affects our foreign exchange management system, the more serious, the more serious the harm of a huge amount of tax rebate, because not only data fraud, the country actually suffered a lot of losses, this does not have actual trade, did not say import and export, rely on this country tax refund to him, in fact, the country is paying the bill, this harm is very big.
Not only that, the underground money-banking also provides money-laundering tools and funds channels for the outward transfer of stolen money for various criminal crimes and the evasion of regulatory sanctions, which promotes upstream crime and seriously endangers social security.
Xiao Sheng, deputy director of the Department of Management and Inspection of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange: outside the financial supervision system, underground banks have formed illegal foreign exchange trading markets, and illegal cross-border flow channels, which seriously affect the effectiveness of financial supervision and destroy the national economic and financial order.
Since 2015, the Ministry of Public Security, together with the People's Bank of China and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, has carried out a joint campaign to crack down on underground money banks, and has cracked more than 300 major cases of underground money-banking for exchange purposes, with illegal gains exceeding 900 million yuan.