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村口小卖店等皮包公司流水过亿百亿地下钱庄被查义乌嫌疑人
2020-01-07 23:39  www.ypublico.com

  在历时近两年的缜密侦查后,浙江金华警方和国家外汇局于近日联合破获一起特大地下钱庄案,涉案金额高达220亿元,究竟什么是地下钱庄?巨额资金怎么在地下钱庄中游走获利?案件还要从一笔笔奇怪的转账说起。

After nearly two years of careful investigation, Zhejiang Jinhua police and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange recently jointly cracked a huge underground money bank case involving a total of 22 billion yuan, what is underground money bank? How does a huge amount of money make a profit in an underground bank? The case begins with a strange transfer.

  这起案件最早从义乌商户外汇交易中发现蛛丝马迹。金华市公安局经侦支队在工作中发现,广东潮汕地区大量人民币流向义乌,而国家外汇管理局金华市中心支局也发现,义乌商户大量外汇频繁汇往广东潮汕地区。义乌、潮汕地区都是外向型经济,突然间,百亿元的巨额资金在两地之间频繁往来,这样异常的外汇和人民币流动与实际贸易情况严重不符,究竟两地在做什么“大买卖”呢?为全面查清案件事实,金华市公安局成立代号为“1·22”的专案组,分别在义乌和潮汕地区进行侦查。

The case was first discovered in foreign exchange transactions by yiwu merchants. Jinhua City Public Security Bureau Economic investigation detachment in the work found that Guangdong Chaoshan area a large number of RMB to Yiwu, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange Jinhua City Central Branch also found that Yiwu merchants a large number of foreign exchange frequent remittance to Guangdong Chaoshan area. Yiwu, chaoshan areas are export-oriented economy, suddenly,10 billion yuan of huge funds between the two places frequent exchanges, such abnormal foreign exchange and yuan flow with the actual trade situation is seriously inconsistent, what are the two places doing \"big business \"? In order to find out the facts of the case in an all-round way, the Jinhua Public Security Bureau set up a special task force named \"1:22\" to carry out investigation in Yiwu and Chaoshan areas respectively.

  为了调查这些公司,警方来到了广东潮汕地区,赫然发现利润千万元、非法购汇过亿元的企业,全都是皮包公司,其中甚至有村口20平米的小卖店,而且这样的企业在潮汕地区多达100多家。

In order to investigate these companies, the police came to guangdong chaoshan area, and found that the profits of ten million yuan, illegal purchase of more than 100 million yuan of enterprises, all are bag companies, including even the village mouth 20 square meters of small shops, and such enterprises in chaoshan area as many as 100.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局民警陶一宁:一家只有十几个平方米的一个小作坊,在税务部门报的出口,一个月都是几千万的,这个都是严重不符的。

Zhejiang province jinhua wuyi county public security bureau civilian police tao yining: a only a dozen square meters of a small workshop, in the tax department reported exports, a month is tens of millions, this is seriously inconsistent.

  一般,这样生产经营规模的企业,应该在工业园区设立正规厂房,生产员工起码也有100人左右,但这些公司实际上并没有厂房,甚至没有生产车间,没有生产机器,摆着几件塑胶玩具样品。另外,公安调查发现,当地某行业协会的会长,名下七八家公司,但经营一年就倒闭,然后再成立一批新的公司,名字都和原来的差不多。比如之前叫“昊昕塑胶玩具有限公司”,2017年注册,2019年注销,随后更名为“泓昕塑胶玩具有限公司”。而之前一家名为“世通有限公司”的,摇身一变又成了“新视通有限公司”。

In general, such a production and operation of the scale of enterprises, should set up a formal plant in the industrial park, production staff of at least 100 people, but these companies do not actually have a factory, or even no production workshop, no production machine, a few plastic toy samples. In addition, the public security investigation found that the head of a local trade association, under the name of seven or eight companies, but operating a year to close down, and then set up a batch of new companies, the names are similar to the original. For example, previously called \"Haoxin Plastic Toys Co., Ltd.\", registered in 2017, written off in 2019, and then renamed\" Hongxin Plastic Toys Co., Ltd.\". And the previous one called \"Shitong Ltd.\", changed into a\" new vision limited company.\"

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局副局长李浩:从广东到我们义乌,一年的资金流量有100多亿元,但是我们所掌握的这些公司,我们到实地查看以后发现这些公司,基本上都是一些皮包公司,或者公司这个地点其实就是一个农户家里,或者就是一些居民家里,根本不存在一些企业,不可能产生100多亿元的经济贸易,所以说这个就是我们确信这些资金是非法使用。

Li Hao, deputy director of the Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: From Guangdong to Yiwu, there are more than 10 billion yuan of capital flow in a year, but the companies we have in our possession, after we go to the field, we find that these companies are basically some bag companies, or the company is actually a farmer's home, or some residents's home, there are no enterprises, it is impossible to produce more than 10 billion yuan of economic trade, so we are sure that these funds are used illegally.

  退税申报的三个必备条件是结汇水单、报关单、专票发票。犯罪团伙用买来的外汇结汇之后,再买来报关单和增值税发票等,模仿出企业正常出口的假象,然后去税务部门骗取相应的退税补贴款。

The three necessary conditions for tax refund declaration are the foreign exchange settlement water bill, customs declaration form and special ticket invoice. After the criminal gang uses the foreign exchange purchased to settle foreign exchange, then buys the customs declaration form and the value-added tax invoice and so on, imitates the enterprise normal export false appearance, then goes to the tax department to obtain the corresponding tax refund subsidy.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局副局长李浩:犯罪嫌疑人这个公司,实际上实行的是一个公司化运转,有专门的财务,专门的管理人员,专门的结算人员,专门的报关人员。

Li hao, deputy director of the public security bureau of wuyi county, jinhua city, zhejiang province: the suspect of this company, in fact, is a company operation, there are special financial, special management personnel, special settlement personnel, special customs declaration personnel.

  记者来到武义县涉案财物管理中心,拿到了嫌疑人的手机,微信记录里满是人数众多的“购汇”群、“报税”群,有成百上千条记录。

Reporters came to wuyi county property management center involved in the case, got the suspect's mobile phone, wechat records are full of a large number of \"foreign exchange\" group,\" tax \"group, there are hundreds of records.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局民警陶一宁:我们当时侦查的时候,犯罪团伙之间他们自己,就是平时聊天,其中一个团伙说,我现在做的规模是一天一辆奥迪A4,我下一步的目标是一天要做一辆宝马5系,我们当时听了都吓了一跳,利润这么高。

Tu Yining, a public security bureau in Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: When we were investigating, the gangs were talking to themselves, and one of them said,' I'm doing an Audi A4 a day, and my next goal is to do a BMW 5 series a day.

  在本案中,非法买卖外汇和骗取出口退税形成了密不可分的犯罪链条,由于广东潮汕地区犯罪团伙购买外汇需求爆发性增长,导致义乌地下钱庄外汇供给规模急剧扩大,以往的“外汇黄牛”也从单打独斗变成了有规模的“钱庄”。而“钱庄”主也从单纯的买卖外汇,发展成提供报关退税一条龙服务。

In this case, the illegal purchase and sale of foreign exchange and the fraud of export tax rebate formed an inseparable criminal chain, due to the explosion of demand for foreign exchange by criminal gangs in Chaoshan area of Guangdong Province, resulting in a sharp expansion of the foreign exchange supply scale of underground Qianzhuang in Yiwu, and the previous \"foreign exchange\" has also changed from a single fight to a scale \"money bank \". And the \"money house\" owners from the sale of foreign exchange, to provide customs tax rebate one-stop service.

  在本案中,义乌和潮汕两地非法买卖外汇主要是通过地下钱庄进行,所谓的地下钱庄是做什么的?它们怎样进行违法犯罪活动呢?

In this case, Yiwu and Chaoshan two places illegally buy and sell foreign exchange mainly through the underground money bank, what does the so-called underground money bank do? How do they engage in criminal activities?

  首先需要了解的是,按现行法规,境内禁止外币流通,从事外汇买卖等交易,应通过依法取得相应业务资格的境内金融机构办理。部分义乌商户为了逃税,或出于贪图汇率差价、希望资金更快到账等方面考虑,把外汇卖给了地下钱庄。

First of all, it is necessary to understand that, in accordance with the existing laws and regulations, the internal prohibition of foreign currency circulation, foreign exchange trading and other transactions should be handled through domestic financial institutions that have obtained corresponding business qualifications in accordance with the law. Some yiwu merchants in order to tax evasion, or out of greed for exchange rate difference, hope that the funds to account faster and other aspects of consideration, foreign exchange sold to underground banks.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局副局长李浩:首先,这种方式比较快捷,直接会完成结汇,当天就能够拿到货款。第二,随着市场汇率在波动,往往黄牛会给他一个敲定的汇率。第三,商户可以通过这种汇率,就是私下运作,能够逃避我们税务机关的检查。

Li Hao, Deputy Director of Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: First of all, this way is relatively fast, will be directly completed settlement of foreign exchange, the day can get the payment. Second, with market exchange rates fluctuating, scalpers tend to give him a finalised exchange rate. Third, merchants can pass this exchange rate, is to operate privately, can escape the inspection of our tax authorities.

  地下钱庄收到外汇后,形成一个巨大的外汇供给市场,而广东潮汕地区的一些企业,需要外汇结汇凭证,用来从事骗取出口退税等违法犯罪活动,所以形成了外汇需求市场。地下钱庄掌握供需两端信息,就通过从中撮合交易,非法牟利。

After the underground money bank received the foreign exchange, it formed a huge foreign exchange supply market, and some enterprises in the Chaoshan area of Guangdong, need foreign exchange vouchers to engage in illegal and criminal activities such as defrauding export tax rebates, so it formed a foreign exchange demand market. Underground money banks have access to both ends of the supply and demand information, through dealmaking, illegal profit-making.

  案件线索逐渐清晰,公安部和国家外汇管理局在浙江金华公安局设立现场联合指挥部,直接指挥浙、粤、鲁、闽等地公安机关统一开展抓捕行动。由于此案涉案人员众多,分布地域广,金华警方派出200多名警力,兵分4路进行抓捕,另外派出一组人员前往柬埔寨,将本案犯罪嫌疑人之一捉拿归案。

Case clues gradually became clear, the Ministry of Public Security and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange in Zhejiang Jinhua Public Security Bureau set up a joint command of the scene, direct command of Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shandong, Fujian and other places of public security organs to carry out a unified arrest operation. Because of the large number of people involved in the case, widely distributed, Jinhua police sent more than 200 police forces, soldiers divided into four ways to arrest, another group of personnel sent to Cambodia, one of the suspects in the case to arrest the case.

  由于前期工作扎实有效,实施抓捕行动时,嫌疑人有的正在咖啡厅进行交易,有的在办公室清算赃款,有的刚刚交易完成返回家中,各组行动都人赃并获,证据确凿。不过,令民警担心的是,本案的主犯之一魏某某还潜逃在外,国际抓捕行动迫在眉睫。

Because the early work is solid and effective, when carrying out the arrest operation, some suspects are trading in the coffee shop, some are clearing the stolen money in the office, some have just completed the transaction and returned home, each group of operations are stolen and obtained, the evidence is conclusive. However, the police worried that one of the main culprits of the case wei xime also absconded, international arrest is imminent.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局副局长李浩:在我们组织抓捕的时候,我们发现魏某某又出逃到柬埔寨。根据我们掌握的信息,魏某某又想在柬埔寨开辟到柬埔寨一个地下钱庄的新通道,我们利用公安部和柬埔寨的国际协助关系,利用“烈火行动”把魏某某从柬埔寨抓获回国了。

Li Hao, deputy director of the Public Security Bureau of Wuyi County, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province: when we organized the arrest, we found that Wei xime fled to Cambodia again. According to the information we have, wei xime also wants to open a new channel to a cambodian underground money bank in cambodia, we use the ministry of public security and cambodia's international assistance relations, using \"fire action\" to capture wei xime from cambodia to return.

  在看守所里,嫌疑人魏某某和记者讲述了自己犯罪经过,本不愁生计衣食无忧的他,因为贪念走上犯罪的道路。

In the detention center, the suspect wei xime and the reporter told his own crime, he did not worry about food and clothing, because of greed on the road to crime.

  犯罪嫌疑人魏某某:我父亲是做生意的,我之前也是做企业的,就是后来发现老老实实赚钱太慢了,就想着搞几个公司,买了外汇,搞一些发票,把出口退税的钱骗过来,这样赚钱快嘛。

Suspect wei xime: my father is a business, I was also a business, that is, later found that the honest money is too slow, think of a few companies, buy foreign exchange, get some invoices, export tax refund money to cheat, so make money fast.

  据了解,此次收网共捣毁地下钱庄、虚开增值税专用发票、骗取出口退税团伙7个,抓获犯罪嫌疑人42人,冻结各类涉案资金账户600多个,冻结涉案资金亿多元。

It is understood that the network destroyed underground money banks, falsely issued special invoices for value-added tax, fraudulently obtained seven tax refund groups for exports, arrested 42 suspects, frozen more than 600 accounts of various types of funds involved in the case, and frozen more than 100 million yuan of funds involved in the case.

  从本案来看,地下钱庄不仅从事非法买卖外汇活动,还为涉及贪腐、走私、贩毒、逃骗税、侵吞国有资产等上游犯罪提供条件,严重危害经济秩序和社会安全。

From the point of view of this case, underground money banks are not only engaged in illegal foreign exchange trading activities, but also provide conditions for upstream crimes involving corruption, smuggling, drug trafficking, tax evasion, embezzlement of state-owned assets and other crimes, which seriously endanger economic order and social security.

  浙江省金华市武义县公安局民警柴晶:买卖外汇一方面影响我们这个外汇管理制度,更严重的,大量骗取巨额退税危害更加大,因为不光数据造假,国家实际蒙受很大损失,这个没有实际贸易的,没有说进出口的,就靠这个结汇国家退税退给他,其实就是国家在买单,这个危害很大。

Buying and selling foreign exchange on the one hand affects our foreign exchange management system, the more serious, the more serious the harm of a huge amount of tax rebate, because not only data fraud, the country actually suffered a lot of losses, this does not have actual trade, did not say import and export, rely on this country tax refund to him, in fact, the country is paying the bill, this harm is very big.

  不仅如此,地下钱庄还为各类刑事犯罪向外转移赃款和逃避监管制裁提供了洗钱工具和资金通道,助长上游犯罪行为,严重危害社会安全。

Not only that, the underground money-banking also provides money-laundering tools and funds channels for the outward transfer of stolen money for various criminal crimes and the evasion of regulatory sanctions, which promotes upstream crime and seriously endangers social security.

  国家外汇管理局管理检查司副司长肖胜:地下钱庄在金融监管体系之外,形成了非法外汇交易市场,与非法跨境流动通道,严重影响金融监管的有效性,破坏国家经济金融秩序。

Xiao Sheng, deputy director of the Department of Management and Inspection of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange: outside the financial supervision system, underground banks have formed illegal foreign exchange trading markets, and illegal cross-border flow channels, which seriously affect the effectiveness of financial supervision and destroy the national economic and financial order.

  2015年以来,公安部与人民银行、国家外汇管理局持续联合开展打击地下钱庄专项行动,破获汇兑型地下钱庄大要案超过300起,罚没非法所得超9亿元人民币。

Since 2015, the Ministry of Public Security, together with the People's Bank of China and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, has carried out a joint campaign to crack down on underground money banks, and has cracked more than 300 major cases of underground money-banking for exchange purposes, with illegal gains exceeding 900 million yuan.